The Holy Qur'an
The Holy Qur'an is the word of God revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, by the Angel Gabriel. It is for Muslims the uncreated word of God.
The utterances of God were vouchsafed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who committed the words to memory and dictated the word of God to his Companions.
There are 114 Suras (chapters) which vary in length. Part of the Holy Qur'an was revealed before Hijra (migration) to Madinah and the rest was revealed after Hijra to Madinah. The former part deals with the proof of oneness of God, while the latter contains guidance on all aspects of life.
The Holy Qur'an, as it is now, was compiled shortly after the Prophet's death.
The Holy Qur'an is the basis for the faith of every Muslim and his guide to living. It provides guidelines for personal conduct within a just society. It provides guidance on all aspects of life, covering personal, social, military and legal matters, as well as religion.
For more than one fifth of the world's population, Islam is then a way of life, as well as a religion. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the holy land of Islam, charged with guardianship of the two holiest sites of Makkah and Madinah, plays a central role in the world of Islam.
The Holy Qur'an is one of the earliest surviving documents in Arabic. The language of the Holy Qur'an is of outstanding beauty and is considered to be the direct utterance of Allah. It teaches that there is only one God, that God is above all comprehension and that, in relation to God, the right path is total submission (Islam) to the will of the Creator. It avers that there is a day of judgment for all, when the righteous shall be rewarded and the unjust punished.
Because of its divine origin, the Holy Qur'an is treated with great reverence by all Muslims.
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